The date and the history of the birth of the city of Athens are still a mystery hidden somewhere in the mists of time. As the legend says, the town existed even before the Mycenaean era.
Plato says in his "Timaeus" dialogue that the Egyptian goddess Isis’ priests told Solon, who visited Egypt, about a rich and glorious city called "Athens" in the past, even 9,600 years BC.
The ancient myths say that while Cecrops, who was the first ruler of Athens (II-III millennium BC), was in the head of the city, there lived the Ionians, and the city had another name: Attica. But when the goddess of wisdom Athena gave the city a grace olive tree - the source of life and wealth, she won the title of patron saint of the city and the grateful people renamed the city.
During the Trojan War Athenians fought for Mycenae. He sent nearly 3,000 soldiers of 50 ships, led by Menesfeem, against Troy. At that time, ceramics, olive oil, honey and wine and Pentelic marble contributed to the brisk development of the total trade, which led to an economic prosperity of the city.
At the "Golden Age" (500-300 BC) Athens became the cradle of what we now call the "culture of the West". Many things of the human culture were based largely on the culture of ancient Greece.
In '86 BC, Lucius Cornelius Sylla caused many damage to the city and subjected the city to cruel looted.
But, despite this, Athens continued to be the metropolis even in the period of Roman rule, while in the III century; the city was plundered and destroyed by the Germanic tribe of the Heruli.
During this period Athens lost the most of its glory and wealth and became just a small town where remained only 20,000 inhabitants.
In 1458, Athens was conquered by the Turks. After the invasion of the Ottomans, Serene Republic of Venice also claimed for Athens.
The Greek then fought for their independence, by the time when Athens became in 1833 the capital of Greece, the city was a tiny, almost desolate and destroyed settlement.
Freed from the Turkish rule, since 1834, Athens, on the initiative of King Otto, already being the Greek capital, started building new homes according to the projects of the court architect Leo von Klenze.
After the Asia Minor catastrophe of 1922, the refugees settled in the city and because of this many new streets appeared.
During the Second World War, the German- Nazis came and occupied the city. It started a new age of revival after the war. The best years of the XX century were the 60th. But the peaceful times ended soon. On April 27, 1967, the coup d'etat in Athens has ended with the advent of the military dictatorship of the three colonels - Georgios Papadopoulos, Stylianos Pattakos and Nikolaos Makarezos, followed by their overthrow in 1974.
Greece's accession in 1981 to the European Union (then the European Economic Community) has brought a lot of investment the city.